The following definitions will help you understand window film terminology as outlined in the various performance specification sheets.
Emissivity is a measure of surface’s ability to absorb or reflect far-infrared radiation. The lower the emissivity the higher the far-infrared reflection. Infrared radiation is that which is sensed by the body as heat. The lower the emissivity rating, the better the insulating qualities of the glazing system.
Glare Reduction (GR)
Glare reduction is the percentage of reduction in visible light transmission through a glazing system without film to that with film.
Mil is the unit of measurement equal to one thousandth of an inch (.001”). Mil thickness is used to display the overall thickness of the window film product. 1 MIL = 25 micron
Near Infra Red Blocking
Number of separate layers of polyester film used in the manufacturing process to make a particular window film. Most films are 1-3 ply.
Shading Coefficient (SC)
Shading coefficient is the ratio of the solar heat gain through a given glazing system to the solar heat gain under the same conditions for clear, unshaded double strength window glass. The lower the shading coefficient number, the better the sun control capability of the glazing system.
Solar Energy Absorbed
Solar energy absorbed is the ratio of the amount of total solar energy directly absorbed by the glazing system to the amount of total solar energy falling on that glazing system.
Solar Energy Reflected
Solar energy reflected is the ratio of the amount of the total solar energy directly reflected by the glazing system to the amount of total solar energy falling on that glazing system.
Solar Energy Transmitted
Solar energy transmitted is the ratio of the total solar energy passing through the glazing system to the amount of total solar energy falling on that glazing system.
Total Solar Energy Rejected (TSER)
Total solar energy rejected is the percentage of incident solar energy rejected by a glazing system which is equal to solar reflectance plus the part of solar absorption which is re-radiated outward.
Ultraviolet Reflected (UVR)
Ultraviolet rejected is the ratio of ultraviolet solar energy (wavelength of 300 – 380nm) that is transmitted by a glazing system to the total solar ultraviolet energy falling on the glazing system. Note: UV energy is not visible to human eye and is mainly responsible for the degradation and fading of organic matter, upholstery, colours, etc.
U-value is a measure of the rate of heat conductivity of a glazing system, independent of solar radiation. When multiplied by the difference between indoor and outdoor temperature in Fahrenheit, it gives the amount of heat in BTUs/hours/square foot of glazing. Note: the greater the difference between indoor and outdoor temperatures, the greater the U-value, so it is important to use the U-values closely representing your conditions. The lower the U-value the better the insulation qualities of the glazing system.
Visible Light Transmitted (VLT)
Visible light transmitted is the ratio of visible solar energy (380 – 750nm) that passes through the glazing system to the total visible solar energy falling on the glazing system.
Visible Light Reflected (VLR)
Visible light rejected is the total percentage of visible light reflected by a glazing system that can be seen visually. PMX performance results often includes interior and exterior VLR specifications.